The ART Fuels Forum, established under the project: “Support for alternative and renewable liquid and gaseous fuels forum (policy and market issues)”, is financed by the European Commission and aims at bringing together selected representativesREAD MORE
The ART Fuels Forum, established under the project: “Support for alternative and renewable liquid and gaseous fuels forum (policy and market issues)”, is financed by the European Commission and aims at bringing together selected representatives of:
towards facilitating discussion and elaboration of common issues on policy and market penetration barriers for these fuels.
The project contributes to enhancing and strengthening the understanding of the needs of the ART Fuels sector in view of improving:
The Forum integrates a series of organized and structured discussions, plenary meetings, preparation of position papers, etc. towards shaping strategies and policies for market deployment of ART Fuels.
Alternative Renewable Transportation Fuels are sustainable advanced liquid and gaseous transportation fuels produced by a wide range of feedstock and through innovative conversion technologies. The cost of ART Fuels is a key element for their large-scale market deployment, strictly linked to the price of the feedstock and the adopted conversion technology. Among the fuels considered as ART Fuels, we can list, in principle, fuels from thermochemical and biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass, fuels from algae and microbial biomasses, power to gas/liquid fuels, solar fuels, fuels from industrial waste gases, fuels from municipal solid waste, plastic waste and refinery waste, co-processing of biomass intermediates in existing refineries etc.
The biofuel market grew up considerably in the period 2005-2012, with US, Europe and Brazil as leading consumers. However, the biofuel demand has slowed down over the recent years (2012-2014), indicatively the total EU biofuel consumption showed a decrease of 4.8% in terms of energy (Mtoe) over 2012 (data from: EU Farm Advisory System posts, Eurostat). On the other hand, the EU production increased its output by around 10% in 2012-2013. This slowdown of consumption follows the strong build-up in biofuel consumption between 2005 and 2010 and depends on a variety of different factors, including: the global economic crisis, the reduced increase in transport fuel consumption in several regions, the dependence on supporting policy and regulatory framework and the concerns on sustainability impact and public perception.
Recently (30 November 2016), the European Commission (EC) published a proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast the Renewable Energy Directive (RED; 2009/28/EC). Under the RED, Member States are required to source 10% of the energy used in road and rail transport from renewable sources by 2020. The recast of RED, the so-called RED II proposes a set of policy measures to achieve a 27% renewable energy share from energy consumed by the electricity, heating and cooling, and transportation sectors by 2030. RED II indicates that 6.8% of transportation fuels must derive from renewable sources by 2030, thus providing an opportunity for the wider utilization of ART-Fuels, including also renewable transport fuels of non-biological origin, waste-based fuels and renewable electricity. In particular, the Commission’s RED II proposal anticipates a sub-target of 3.6% of transportation fuels, that is part of the 6.8% mandate of the target, should be met by the use of advanced biofuels. This sub-mandate for advanced feedstocks should help to promote emerging technologies for biofuel production. To minimize the Indirect Land-Use Change (ILUC) impacts, the proposed RED II foresees a cap on the contribution of food-based biofuels towards the EU renewable energy target, starting at 7% in 2021 and going down progressively to 3.8% in 2030.
EXERGIA is an independent firm of consultants operating internationally in the fields of energy and environment, member of SESMA, the Hellenic Association of Management Consulting Companies (Greek branch of FEACO). It was founded in 1991 and maintains since then a rapid growth rate through expansion of its client base and of its activities. Having been involved in a large number of significant sustainable energy projects worldwide, EXERGIA is established among the top energy consulting companies. The wide scope of company’s projects ranges from consultancy to European Union and state policy and strategy formulation up to energy/environmental audits and feasibility studies for private clients.READ MORE
The Renewable Energy Consortium for Research and Demonstration (RE-CORD) is a no-profit public-private independent research body established by the University of Florence, which merges numerous competences and resources in the field of basic and applied research, engineering, and sustainable land planning and development. Founded in 2010 under the initiative and as a further development of the Research Center for Alternative and Renewable Energy (CREAR) – University of Florence, RE-CORD develops scientific and technological research in the field of Renewable Energies and in particular Bioenergy, while creating a synergistic effect by combining expertise and resources from the four founding members.READ MORE
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